A button performs an action when a user clicks on it.


Component’s XML-name: button

Buttons can contain a caption, an icon, or both. The figure below shows different button types.

gui buttonTypes

An example of a button with a tooltip and a caption retrieved from a localized message pack:

<button id="textButton" caption="msg://someAction" description="Press me"/>

The button’s caption is set using the caption attribute, the tooltip – using the description attribute.

If the disableOnClick attribute is set to true the button will be automatically disabled when clicked, typically to prevent (accidental) extra clicks on a button. You can later return the button to the enabled state by invoking the setEnabled(true) method.

The icon attribute defines icon location in theme catalog or the icon name in the icon set. Detailed information on recommended icon placement is available in Icons.

Example of creating a button with an icon:

<button id="iconButton" caption="" icon="SAVE"/>

The button’s main function is to perform an action on a click. Controller method that should be invoked after a click can be defined using invoke attribute. The attribute value should contain name of the controller method satisfying the following conditions:

  • The method should be public.

  • The method should return void.

  • The method should not have any arguments, or should have a single argument of Component type. If the method has a Component argument, then an instance of the invoking button will be passed in it.

Below is the example of a button invoking someMethod:

<button invoke="someMethod" caption="msg://someButton"/>

A method named someMethod should be defined in the screen controller:

public void someMethod() {
    //some actions

The invoke attribute is ignored if action attribute is set. The action attribute contains the name of action corresponding to the button.

Example of a button with an action:

    <action id="someAction" caption="msg://someAction"/>
    <button action="someAction"/>

Any action present in the component implementing Component.ActionsHolder interface can be assigned to a button. This applies to Table, GroupTable, TreeTable, Tree. The way of adding actions (declaratively in the XML descriptor or programmatically in the controller) is irrelevant. In any case, for using an action, the name of the component and the identifier of the required action must be specified in the action attribute, separated by dot. For instance, in the next example the create action of the coloursTable table is assigned to a button:

<button action="coloursTable.create"/>

Button actions can also be created programmatically in the screen controller by deriving them from BaseAction class.

If an Action instance is defined for a Button, the button will take the following properties from it: caption, description, icon, enable, shortcut, visible. The caption, description and icon properties will be imported from Action only if they are not set in the Button itself. All other listed Action properties have priority over the Button properties.

If Action properties are changed after the Action has been set for a Button, then Button properties also change accordingly, i.e. the button listens to the changes in Action properties. In this case, the caption, description and icon properties will change even if they had been initially assigned to the button itself.

The shortcut attribute is used to specify a key combination for a button. Possible modifiers: ALT, CTRL, SHIFT − are separated by the "-" character. For example:

<button id="button" caption="msg://shortcutButton" shortcut="ALT-C"/>
Button styles

The primary attribute is used to set the highlighting for the button. The highlighting is applied by default if the action invoked by this button is primary.

<button primary="true"

The highlighting is available by default in the Hover theme; to enable this feature in a Halo-based theme, set true for the $cuba-highlight-primary-action style variable.

actions primary

Next, in Web Client with a Halo-based theme, you can set predefined styles to the Button component using the stylename attribute either in the XML descriptor or in the screen controller:

<button id="button"
        caption="Friendly button"

When setting a style programmatically, select one of the HaloTheme class constants with the BUTTON_ prefix:

  • borderless - borderless button.

  • borderless-colored - borderless button with a colored caption text.

  • danger - a prominent button that can be used when the action is considered unsafe for the user (i.e. it causes data loss or some other irreversible action).

  • friendly - a prominent button that can be used for primary actions when the action is considered safe for the user (i.e. does not cause any data loss or any other irreversible action).

  • icon-align-right - align the icon to the right side of the button caption.

  • icon-align-top - stack the icon on top of the button caption.

  • icon-only - only show the icon in the button, and size the button to a square shape.

  • primary - primary action button (e.g. the button that should get activated when the user presses the Enter key in a form). Use sparingly, only one default button per view should be visible.

  • quiet - "quiet" button, which looks like borderless until you hover over it with the mouse.

The appearance of the Button component can be customized using SCSS variables with $cuba-button-* prefix. You can change these variables in the visual editor after creating a theme extension or a custom theme.