TextField is a component for text editing. It can be used both for working with entity attributes and entering/displaying arbitrary textual information.

XML-name of the component: textField

gui TextField dia

TextField is implemented for both Web Client and Desktop Client.

  • An example of a text field with a caption retrieved from the localized messages pack:

    <textField id="nameField" caption="msg://name"/>

    The figure below shows an example of a simple text field.

    gui textField data
  • To create a text field connected to data, use datasource and property attributes.

        <datasource id="customerDs" class="com.sample.sales.entity.Customer" view="_local"/>
        <textField datasource="customerDs" property="name" caption="msg://name"/>

    As you can see in the example, the screen describes the customerDs datasource for Customer entity, which has name attribute. The text field component has a link to the data source specified in the datasource attribute; property attribute contains the name of the entity attribute that is displayed in the text field.

  • If the field is not connected to an entity attribute (i.e. the data source and attribute name are not set), you can set the data type using the datatype attribute. It is used to format field values. The attribute value accepts any data type registered in the application metadata – see Datatype. Typically, TextField uses the following data types:

    • decimal

    • double

    • int

    • long

      As an example, let’s look at a text field with an Integer data type.

      <textField id="integerField" datatype="int" caption="msg://integerFieldName"/>

      If a user enters a value that cannot be interpreted as an integer number, then when the field looses focus, the application will show an error message and revert field value to the previous one.

  • Text field can be assigned a validator – a class implementing Field.Validator interface. The validator limits user input in addition to what is already done by the datatype. For example, to create an input field for positive integer numbers, you need to create a validator class:

    public class PositiveIntegerValidator implements Field.Validator {
        public void validate(Object value) throws ValidationException {
            Integer i = (Integer) value;
            if (i <= 0)
                throw new ValidationException("Value must be positive");

    and assign it as a validator to the text field with int datatype:

    <textField id="integerField" datatype="int">
        <validator class="com.sample.sales.gui.PositiveIntegerValidator"/>

    Unlike input check against the data type, validation is performed not when the field looses focus, but after invocation of the field’s validate() method. It means that the field (and the linked entity attribute) may temporarily contain a value that does not satisfy validation conditions (a non-positive number in the example above). This should not be an issue, because validated fields are typically used in editor screens, which automatically invoke validation for all their fields before commit. If the field is located not in an editing screen, the field’s validate() method should be invoked explicitly in the controller.

  • If a text field is linked to an entity attribute (via datasource and property), and if the entity attribute has a length parameter defined in the @Column JPA-annotation, then the TextField will limit the maximum length of entered text accordingly.

    If a text field is not linked to an attribute, or if the attribute does not have length value defined, or this value needs to be overridden, then the maximum length of the entered text can be limited using maxLength attribute. The value of "-1" means there are no limitations. For example:

    <textField id="shortTextField" maxLength="10"/>
  • By default, text field trims spaces at the beginning and at the end of the entered string. I.e. if user enters " aaa bbb ", the value of the field returned by the getValue() method and saved to the linked entity attribute will be "aaa bbb". You can disable trimming of spaces by setting the trim attribute to false.

    It should be noted that trimming only works when users enter a new value. If the value of the linked attribute already has spaces in it, the spaces will be displayed until user edits the value.

  • Text field always returns null instead of an entered empty string. Therefore, with the trim attribute enabled, any string containing spaces only will be converted to null.

  • The setCursorPosition() method can be used to focus the field and set the cursor position to the specified 0-based index.