3.5.2.1.17. FileUploadField

The FileUploadField component allows a user to upload files to the server. The component can contain a caption, a link to uploaded file, and two buttons: for uploading and for clearing the selected file. When the upload button is clicked, a standard OS file picker window is shown, where the user can select a file. In order to upload multiple files, use FileMultiUploadField.

gui upload 7.0

XML name of the component: upload.

For entity attributes of FileDescriptor type, the component can be used inside FieldGroup with datasource attribute, inside Form with dataContainer attribute, or independently. If the component is bound to any data component, the uploaded file is immediately stored in file storage and the corresponding FileDescriptor instance is saved to the database.

<upload fileStoragePutMode="IMMEDIATE"
        dataContainer="personDc"
        property="photo"/>

You can also control the saving of file and FileDescriptor programmatically:

  • Declare the component in an XML screen descriptor:

    <upload id="uploadField"
            fileStoragePutMode="MANUAL"/>
  • In the screen controller, inject the component itself, the FileUploadingAPI and DataSupplier interfaces. Subscribe to the the InitEvent and add listeners which will react on successful uploads and errors:

    @Inject
    private FileUploadField uploadField;
    @Inject
    private FileUploadingAPI fileUploadingAPI;
    @Inject
    private DataSupplier dataSupplier;
    @Inject
    private Notifications notifications;
    
    @Subscribe
    protected void onInit(InitEvent event) {
        uploadField.addFileUploadSucceedListener(uploadSucceedEvent -> {
    
            File file = fileUploadingAPI.getFile(uploadField.getFileId()); (1)
            if (file != null) {
                notifications.create()
                        .withCaption("File is uploaded to temporary storage at " + file.getAbsolutePath())
                        .show();
            }
    
            FileDescriptor fd = uploadField.getFileDescriptor(); (2)
            try {
                fileUploadingAPI.putFileIntoStorage(uploadField.getFileId(), fd); (3)
            } catch (FileStorageException e) {
                throw new RuntimeException("Error saving file to FileStorage", e);
            }
            dataSupplier.commit(fd); (4)
            notifications.create()
                    .withCaption("Uploaded file: " + uploadField.getFileName())
                    .show();
        });
    
        uploadField.addFileUploadErrorListener(uploadErrorEvent ->
                notifications.create()
                        .withCaption("File upload error")
                        .show());
    }
1 Here you can get the file uploaded to the temporary storage if you need it.
2 Normally, you would want to save the file to the file storage of the middle tier.
3 Save file to FileStorage.
4 Save file descriptor to database.

The component will upload the file to the temporary storage of the client tier and invoke the listener added by the addFileUploadSucceedListener() method. In this listener, a FileDescriptor object is requested from the component. com.haulmont.cuba.core.entity.FileDescriptor is a persistent entity, which uniquely identifies an uploaded file and is used to download the file from the system.

FileUploadingAPI.putFileIntoStorage() method is used to move the uploaded file from the temporary client storage to FileStorage. Parameters of this method are temporary storage file identifier and the FileDescriptor object. Both of these parameters are provided by FileUploadField.

After uploading the file to FileStorage, the FileDescriptor instance is saved in the database by invoking DataSupplier.commit(). The saved instance returned by this method can be set to an attribute of an entity related to this file. Here, FileDescriptor is simply stored in the database. The file will be available through the Administration > External Files screen.

The listener added by the addFileUploadErrorListener() method will be invoked if an error occurs when uploading a file to the temporary storage of the client tier.

Below is the list of listeners available to track the upload process:

  • AfterValueClearListener,

  • BeforeValueClearListener,

  • FileUploadErrorListener,

  • FileUploadFinishListener

  • FileUploadStartListener,

  • FileUploadSucceedListener,

  • ValueChangeListener.

fileUploadField attributes:

  • fileStoragePutMode - defines how the file and the corresponding FileDescriptor are stored.

    • In the IMMEDIATE mode it is done right after uploading file to the temporary storage of the client tier.

    • In the MANUAL mode, you should do it programmatically in a FileUploadSucceedListener.

    The IMMEDIATE mode is selected by default when FileUploadField is used inside FieldGroup. Otherwise, the default mode is MANUAL.

  • uploadButtonCaption, uploadButtonIcon and uploadButtonDescription XML attributes allow you to set the properties of the upload button.

  • showFileName - controls whether the name of uploaded file is displayed next to upload button. It is false by default.

  • showClearButton - controls whether the clear button is visible. It is false by default.

  • clearButtonCaption, clearButtonIcon and clearButtonDescription XML attributes allow you to set the properties of the clear button if it is visible.

  • The accept XML attribute (and the corresponding setAccept() method) can be used to set the file type mask in the file selection dialog. Users still be able to change the mask to "All files" and upload arbitrary files.

    The value of the attribute should be a comma-separated list of masks. For example: *.jpg,*.png.

  • Maximum upload size is determined by the cuba.maxUploadSizeMb application property and is 20MB by default. If a user selects a file of a larger size, a corresponding message will be displayed, and the upload will be interrupted.

  • The fileSizeLimit XML attribute (and the corresponding setFileSizeLimit() method) can be used to set maximum allowed file size specified in bytes.

    <upload id="uploadField" fileSizeLimit="2000"/>
  • The permittedExtensions XML attribute (and the corresponding setPermittedExtensions() method) sets the white list of permitted file extensions.

    The value of the attribute should be a comma-separated list of extensions with leading dots. For example:

    uploadField.setPermittedExtensions(Sets.newHashSet(".png", ".jpg"));
  • dropZone - allows you to specify a BoxLayout to be used as a target for drag-and-dropping files from outside of the browser. The dropZone can cover the whole layout of a dialog window. The selected container is highlighted when a user drags a file over the container, otherwise it is not visible.

    <layout spacing="true"
            width="100%">
        <vbox id="dropZone"
              height="AUTO"
              spacing="true">
            <textField id="textField"
                       caption="Title"
                       width="100%"/>
            <textArea id="textArea"
                      caption="Description"
                      width="100%"
                      rows="5"/>
            <checkBox caption="Is reference document"
                      width="100%"/>
            <upload id="upload"
                    dropZone="dropZone"
                    showClearButton="true"
                    showFileName="true"/>
        </vbox>
        <hbox spacing="true">
            <button caption="mainMsg://actions.Apply"/>
            <button caption="mainMsg://actions.Cancel"/>
        </hbox>
    </layout>
    gui dropZone

    To make a dropZone static and display it permanently, assign the predefined dropzone-container style to its container. In this case the container should be empty with only the label component inside:

    <layout spacing="true"
            width="100%">
        <textField id="textField"
                   caption="Title"
                   width="100%"/>
        <checkBox caption="Is reference document"
                  width="100%"/>
        <upload id="upload"
                dropZone="dropZone"
                showClearButton="true"
                showFileName="true"/>
        <vbox id="dropZone"
              height="150px"
              spacing="true"
              stylename="dropzone-container">
            <label stylename="dropzone-description"
                   value="Drop file here"
                   align="MIDDLE_CENTER"/>
        </vbox>
        <hbox spacing="true">
            <button caption="mainMsg://actions.Apply"/>
            <button caption="mainMsg://actions.Cancel"/>
        </hbox>
    </layout>
    gui dropZone static
  • pasteZone allows you to specify a container to be used for handling paste shortcuts when a text input field nested in this container is focused. This feature is supported by Chromium-based browsers.

    <upload id="uploadField"
            pasteZone="vboxId"
            showClearButton="true"
            showFileName="true"/>

See Loading and Displaying Images for more complex example of working with uploaded files.