Data Loaders

Loaders are designed to load data from the middle tier to containers.

There are slightly different interfaces of loaders depending on containers they work with:

  • InstanceLoader loads a single instance to InstanceContainer by entity id or JPQL query.

  • CollectionLoader loads a collection of entities to CollectionContainer by a JPQL query. You can specify paging, sorting and other optional parameters.

  • KeyValueCollectionLoader loads a collection of KeyValueEntity instances to KeyValueCollectionContainer. In addition to CollectionLoader parameters, you can specify a data store name.

In screen XML descriptors, all loaders are defined by the same <loader> element and the type of a loader is determined by what container it is enclosed in.

Loaders are optional because you can just load data using DataManager or your custom service and set directly to containers, but they simplify this process in declaratively defined screens, especially with the Filter component. Usually, a collection loader obtains a JPQL query from the screen XML descriptor and query parameters from the filter component, creates LoadContext and invokes DataManager to load entities. So the typical XML descriptor looks like this:

    <collection id="customersDc" class="com.company.sample.entity.Customer" view="_local">
        <loader id="customersDl">
                select e from sample_Customer e
    <filter id="filter" applyTo="customersTable" dataLoader="customersDl">
        <properties include=".*"/>
    <!-- ... -->

Attributes of the loader XML element allow you to define optional parameters like cacheable, softDeletion, etc.

In an entity editor screen, the loader XML element is usually empty, because the instance loader requires an entity identifier which is specified programmatically by the StandardEditor base class:

    <instance id="customerDc" class="com.company.sample.entity.Customer" view="_local">

Loaders can delegate actual loading to a function which can be provided using the setLoadDelegate() method or declaratively using the @Install annotation in the screen controller, for example:

private DataManager dataManager;

@Install(to = "customersDl", target = Target.DATA_LOADER)
protected List<Customer> customersDlLoadDelegate(LoadContext<Customer> loadContext) {
    return dataManager.loadList(loadContext);

In the example above, the customersDlLoadDelegate() method will be used by the customersDl loader to load the list of Customer entities. The method accepts LoadContext which will be created by the loader based on its parameters: query, filter (if any), etc. In the example, the loading is done via DataManager which is effectively the same as the standard loader implementation, but you can use a custom service or perform any post-processing of the loaded entities.

You can listen to PreLoadEvent and PostLoadEvent to add some logic before or after loading:

@Subscribe(id = "customersDl", target = Target.DATA_LOADER)
private void onCustomersDlPreLoad(CollectionLoader.PreLoadEvent<Customer> event) {
    // do something before loading

@Subscribe(id = "customersDl", target = Target.DATA_LOADER)
private void onCustomersDlPostLoad(CollectionLoader.PostLoadEvent<Customer> event) {
    // do something after loading

A loader can also be created and configured programmatically, for example:

private DataComponents dataComponents;

private void createCustomerLoader(CollectionContainer<Customer> container) {
    CollectionLoader<Customer> loader = dataComponents.createCollectionLoader();
    loader.setQuery("select e from sample_Customer e");

When DataContext is set for a loader (which is always the case when the loader is defined in XML descriptor), all loaded entities are automatically merged into the data context.

Query conditions

Sometimes you need to modify a data loader query at runtime to filter the loaded data at the database level. The simplest way to provide filtering based on parameters entered by users is to connect the Filter visual component to the data loader.

Instead of the universal filter or in addition to it, you can create a set of conditions for the loader query. A condition is a set of query fragments with parameters. These fragments are added to the resulting query text only when all parameters used in the fragments are set for the query. Conditions are processed on the data store level, so they can contain fragments of different query languages supported by data stores. The framework provides conditions for JPQL.

Let’s consider creating a set of conditions for filtering a Customer entity by two of its attributes: string name and boolean status.

Loader query conditions can be defined either declaratively in the <condition> XML element, or programmatically using the setCondition() method. Below is an example of configuring the conditions in XML:

<window xmlns="http://schemas.haulmont.com/cuba/screen/window.xsd"
        xmlns:c="http://schemas.haulmont.com/cuba/screen/jpql_condition.xsd" (1)
        caption="Customers browser" focusComponent="customersTable">
        <collection id="customersDc"
                    class="com.company.demo.entity.Customer" view="_local">
            <loader id="customersDl">
                <query><![CDATA[select e from demo_Customer e]]>
                    <condition> (2)
                        <and> (3)
                            <c:jpql> (4)
                                <c:where>e.name like :name</c:where>
                                <c:where>e.status = :status</c:where>
1 - add the JPQL conditions namespace
2 - define the condition element inside query
3 - if you have more than one condition, add and or or element
4 - define a JPQL condition with optional join element and mandatory where element

Suppose that the screen has two UI components for entering the condition parameters: nameFilterField text field and statusFilterField check box. In order to refresh the data when a user changes their values, add the following event listeners to the screen controller:

private CollectionLoader<Customer> customersDl;

private void onNameFilterFieldValueChange(HasValue.ValueChangeEvent<String> event) {
    if (event.getValue() != null) {
        customersDl.setParameter("name", "(?i)%" + event.getValue() + "%"); (1)
    } else {

private void onStatusFilterFieldValueChange(HasValue.ValueChangeEvent<Boolean> event) {
    if (event.getValue()) {
        customersDl.setParameter("status", true);
    } else {
1 - notice how we use Case-Insensitive Substring Search provided by ORM

As mentioned above, a condition is included in the query only when its parameters are set. So the resulting query executed on the database will depend on what is entered in the UI components:

Only nameFilterField has a value
select e from demo_Customer e where e.name like :name
Only statusFilterField has a value
select e from demo_Customer e where e.status = :status
Both nameFilterField and statusFilterField have values
select e from demo_Customer e where (e.name like :name) and (e.status = :status)